The Ethiopian Institute of Biodiversity consists of two key processes (Directorates), namely: Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use Directorate and Genetic Resources Transfer and Regulation Directorate; and five support processes, namely: Finance, Purchase and Property Administration Directorate, Audit Directorate, Planning Directorate, Public relation and Communication Directorate, and Human Resources Development and Administration Directorate.

The key processes strive to fulfill the vision and mission of the institute by carrying out conservation, sustainable use and access and benefit sharing of biological resources. The support processes assist the key processes in achieving the goals. The key processes are described here.

1. Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biological Resources

Conservation and sustainable use of biological resources are two of the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The directorate works on:

  • Animal Genetic Resources
  • Crop Genetic Resources
  • Forest Genetic Resources
  • Microbial Genetic Resources
  • Gene bank and Laboratories
Details will be posted soon…

2. Genetic Resources Transfer and Regulation

All living organisms; plants, animals and microbes, carry genetic material that could be potentially useful to humans. These resources can be taken from the wild, domesticated or cultivated. There are significant potential benefits to be gained by accessing genetic resources and making use of them. They provide a crucial source of information to better understand the natural world and can be used to develop a wide range of products and services for human benefit. These include products such as medicines and cosmetics, as well as agricultural and environmental practices and techniques. The way in which genetic resources are accessed, and how the benefits of their use are shared, can create incentives for their conservation and sustainable use, and can contribute to the creation of a fair and more equitable economy to support sustainable development.

Access and Benefit Sharing, Article 15 of Convention on Biological Diversity, refers to the way in which genetic resources may be accessed, how the benefits that result from their use are shared between the people or countries using the resources (users) and the people or countries that provide them (providers). ABS is based on prior informed consent (PIC) being granted by a provider to a user and negotiations between both parties to develop mutually agreed terms (MAT) to ensure the fair and equitable sharing of genetic resources and associated benefits. Based on these purposes, the Genetic Resources Transfer and Regulation Directorate has been established in Institute of Biodiversity Conservation.

Working areas include:

  • Provide genetic resources export and import permits
  • Regulate the the transfer of genetic resources
  • Build capacity on ABS
  • Prepare manuals and guidelines on ABS
  • Promote high value genetic resources for Benefit Sharing
  • Advise the government on ABS issues

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