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Microbial Biodiversity Directorate

1. Duties and Responsibility

  • Initiate policy and legal proposals on the conservation and sustainable utilization of the country’s microbial biodiversity and associate knowledge as well as the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization and upon approval enforce and follow their implementation
  • Survey and explore the diversity and distribution of the country’s microbial genetic resources
  • Collect samples,, identify microbial species and characterize the components thereof and monitor, from time to time, their conservation and sustainable use status
  • Undertake researches relevant to ensure the conservation and sustainable utilization of microbial biodiversity
  • Based on ecosystem approach, survey key microbial biodiversity areas in the country and conserve or facilitate the conservation of microbial diversity in-situ.
  • In order to build the capacity of the stakeholders in microbial biodiversity conservation and sustainable utilization, develop and provide guidelines and manuals, give training and other technical supports and follow up their implementation
  • Identify and register the country’s microbial diversity using molecular techniques (Genomics and metagenomics) and facilitate their conservation and recognition that they belong to the country
  • Establish a system whereby the information on the country’s microbial biodiversity resources shall be maintained and utilized
  • In collaboration with mass media, learning institutions and other stakeholders, carry out activities to raise awareness among the public on the conservation and sustainable use of microbial biodiversity
  • Establish and administer national microbial collection center
  • Work in cooperation with the concerned bodies with respect to the conservation and sustainable use of microbial biodiversity and community knowledge

2. Services currently provided by the case team

  • See case teams profile

3. Facilities

  • See case teams profile

4. Research work (present and past)

  • See case teams profile

Bacterial and Fungal Biodiversity Case Team

1. Duties and responsibilities

  • Sample collection from different environments and substrates
  • Identification and characterization of bacterial and fungal species
  • Conserve bacterial and fungal genetic resources
  • Research

2. Service, currently provided by the case team

  • Making available identified and characterized species for distribution
  • Awareness arising

3. Facilities

  • Biology
  • MicroStaion
  • Microscope
  • Incubator
  • Hood
  • Oven
  • Distiller
  • Refrigerator

4. Research work (present and past)

4.1  Bacterial Biodiversity

4.1.1  Completed

  • Isolation and identification of acetic acid bacteria from sugary foods and beverage collected from various areas of Ethiopia.
  • Isolation and identification of lactic acid bacteria from local life stock breeds milk, milk products and traditional Ethiopian fermented foods and beverages.

4.1.2  Completed and submitted for publication

  1. Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Staphylococcus auras in raw milk of camel and goat in Somali region of Ethiopia.
  2. Importance of Arthrospira [Spirulina]

4.1.3  Ongoing

  1. Diversity study of coffee plant growth promoting Rhizobacteria and evaluation of their potential as growth promoter and biocontrol agents.
  2. Traditional knowledge of milk production, processing and utilization in major milk producing rural areas of Ethiopia.

4.2  Fungal Biodiversity

4.2.1  Completed and under reviewed

  1. Isolation, Identification and characterization of yeasts from Enset products (kocho and Bulla) collected from Hadiya Zone, Southern Nations Nationality and People Regional States
  2. Growing Of Oyster Mushrooms Using Agricultural Residues At Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  3. Cultivation and yield performance of Philota namiko on agro-industrial wastes

4.2.2  Completed and submitted for publication

  1. isolation, identification and characterization of ethanol producing yeast species from fruits
  2. isolation, identification and characterization yeast species from coffee waste collected from Sidama and Gedeo

4.2.3  Ongoing

  1. Polyethylene and cellulose degrading fungal species diversity study on municipal solid waste at different ecosystem
  2. Assessment of community indigenous knowledge on traditional fermented enset product preparation and utilization practices

 Microalgae Biodiversity Case Team

1. Duties and responsibilities

  • Sample collection from different environments
  • Isolation and Identification of microalgae genera and species
  • Conserve and preservation of microalgae biodiversity
  • Research

2. Service, currently provided by the case team

  • Making available identified and characterized species for distribution
  • Awareness arising

3. Facilities

  • Compound Microscope
  • Incubator with shaker
  • Aerator

4. Research work (present and past)

4.1  Ongoing

  1. Evaluation of nutritional value and toxicity of Arthrospira from lake Chitu and Arenguade for human consumption
  2. Microalgae diversity study in nine lakes of Ethiopia

 Microbial Molecular Characterization and Gene Bank

1. Duties and Responsibility

  • Molecular identification of culturable microorganisms
  • Molecular (macro and micro-molecules based) characterization of microbes
  • Metagenomic assisted study of diversity and distribution of microbial biodiversity
  • Maintaining ex-situ conserved microorganisms

2. Services currently provided by the case team

  • Providing copies of conserved microbial species when requested for research purpose
  • Collecting and preventing microbial species identified by research and higher learning institutions
  • Assisting undergraduates students who join the case team for their practical course
  • Awareness arising

3. Facilities

  • Different site ultra-low freezers (up to -800c )
  • Illumina Miseq system for molecular based microbial identification and Metagenomic study
  • Biology systems for culturable microorganism identification and active cell functional analysis

4. Research work (present and past)

   4.1. Completed

  • Isolation and Characterization of Multi-drug Resistant E-coli from Infectious Syndrome Poultry Farm
  • Isolation and Phenotype Characterization of Sporosarcina Pasteurii from Alkaline Soil of Ethiopian Central Rift Valley Areas
  • Proteolytic and Carbon Utilization Characterization of Bacteria Isolated from Three Alkaline Crater Lakes (Lake Chitu, Arenguade and Kilole) of Ethiopia
  • Ureolytic and Metabolic Patterns of Bacteria Species Isolated from Carbonate Rich Soil of Ethiopian Central Rift Valley

  4.2. Ongoing

  • Genetic Diversity and Bioactive Molecules of Actinomycetes
  • Genetic Diversity and Active Biomolecules of Endophytes Associated to Medicinal Plants (ongoing).
  • Microbial Diversity of Dallol and Central Rift Valley Hot Springs
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