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A plant Genetic Resources Center, Ethiopia (PGRC/E was initially established in May 1976 through bilateral technical cooperation agreement between the Governments of Ethiopia and Germany. The main objective as to rescue the country’s plant genetic resources from adverse impacts of various human activities and natural calamities. In 1998, it was re-established as the Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research (IBCR) and broadening is mandate and duties to implement Ethiopia’s obligation to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD). In 2004 the Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (IBC) was amended. At the moment the institute is renamed as Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI).


By 2023 EBC will be Center of Excellence in Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use in Africa.


Undertake study and research on the proper conservation of Ethiopia’s Biodiversity and associated indigenous knowledge; establish participatory conservation mechanisms; Ensure fair and equitable Access and Benefit Sharing; Promote sustainable utilization of biodiversity for sustainable development.
Objective of the Institute is to ensure the appropriate Conservation and Utilization of Country’s Biodiversity.

Mandates, Duties and Responsibilities

Ethiopia has set clear national policy directives on conservation of biological resources. In the past, convention efforts focused on plant genetic resources and priority was given to field crops. Since 1998, the Institute was given a wider mandate of conservation and sustainable utilization of all forms of biological resources including plants, animals and microbial genetic resources as well as associated indigenous knowledge. Ecosystem management is also recognized as one of the areas to be given priority.

As to the importance of biodiversity and our dependence on biological resources, conservation efforts give emphasis to local and national needs and values. The Institute has power and duties related to the conservation and promoting the sustainable utilization of Ethiopia’s biodiversity. This includes maintaining and developing international relations with bilateral and multilateral bodies having the potential to providing technical assistance. The Institute, on the basis of national legislation, has the responsibility and duty to implement international conventions, agreement and obligations on biodiversity to which Ethiopia is a party.


The Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI) consists of five key directorates, namely:

  • Crop and Horticulture Biodiversity Directorate
  • Animal Biodiversity Directorate
  • Microbial Biodiversity Directorate
  • Forest and Range land Biodiversity Directorate
  • Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate

And nine support directorates, namely:

  • Public Relations and Communication Directorate
  • Finance, Procurement and property Administration Directorate
  • Internal Audit Directorate
  • Plan & Program Directorate
  • Human Resources Development and Administration Directorate
  • Information and communication Technology Directorate
  • Reform and Good governance Directorate
  • Women, Children and Youth Directorate
  • Ethics and Anti-Corruption Directorate

The Institute is led by Director General (DG) and Deputy Director General (DDG) . The Core Management and the Council are accountable to the DG. The Core management consists of directors of the key and support processes, while the Council is made up of all management members, project national coordinators and case team leaders.