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Animal Biodiversity

Duties and responsibility of the directorate

  1. Research, assessment,characterization and identification of animal genetic resources in the country
  2. Carrying out Insitu and exsitu conservation activities
  3. Developing guidelines and manuals that ensure sustainable utilization.


Services currently provided by the directorate

  • Collecting and compiling data on domestic, wild and aquatic animal genetic resources;
  • Identifying threat, status and trendsof animal geneticresources;
  • Conducting survey on relative distribution and abundances of wild and aquatic animals;
  • Assessing and evaluating the ecological status of wild and aquatic animals;
  • Collection of sample specimen of wild animals from different ecosystems;
  • Collection and distribution of semen from threatened indigenous breeds of livestock;
  • Analysis and compilation of the collected information to be part of the international database on domestic animal genetic resources;
  • Propose policy issues and other recommendations relevant to sustainable use, conservation and development of the country’s animal genetic resources;
  • Organizing various stakeholders working in the conservation and sustainable utilization of animal genetic resources;
  • Characterization and valuation of animal genetic resources and
  • Raising awareness on conservation and sustainable utilization of animal genetic resources using various forums;


Facilities available

  1. Zoological Museum
  2. Cryopreservation Laboratory


Research work (Past and Present)

The directorate in collaboration with different stakeholders has been conducting different research activities on different aspects of animal genetic resources in the country.

Published articles:

  1. Tujuba TF., Hausmann A. and Sciarretta A. (2020). Revision of the genus Orbamia Herbulot, 1966 (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Ennominae: Cassymini) with description of two new genus, ten new species and two subspecies for science. ZooKeys, 929: 53–77.
  2. Tujuba TF., Sciarretta A., Hausmann A. and Abate GA. (2019). Lepidoptera of Ethiopia: current knowledge and future perspectives. Zookeys, 882: 87–125.
  3. Tesfu Tujuba and Andrea Sciarretta (2019). The current state of Lepidoptera biodiversity in Ethiopia. Abstracts of XXI European Congress of Lepidopterology: 128.
  4. Tesfu F.,Weldmariam T. and Asresie M. (2018). Impact of Human activities on Biosphere Reserve: A case study from Yayu Biosphere Reserve, SW Ethiopia. Intern. J. Biodiv. Conserv.10(7): 319-326
  5. Amare Gibru, Yihew Biru, Zelalem Temesgen, and Kebebew Hunde (2021). A Preliminary Checklist of Birds for the Fura and Furagosa Community Based Wildlife Conservation Area, in Mirab-Abaya District, Gamo Zone, Southern Ethiopia: Short Communications. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis, 4(4): 395-398.
  6. Mengistu Wale, Abeje Kassie and Tesfu Fekensa (2016). Assessment of naked mole – rat distribution and threats in Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine 4(8): 655-658.
  7. Mengistu Wale (2016). The Walia Ibex (Capra walie). Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species 1-5.
  8. Mengistu Wale, Abeje Kassie, Getachew Mulualem, Weldemariam Tesfahunegny, Abraham Assefa (2017). Wildlife Threats and Their Relative Severity of Eastern Ethiopia Protected Areas. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology 2(4): 59-67.
  9. Mengistu Wale, Abeje Kassie, Weldemariam Tesfahunegny and Gebregziabher Hailay (2018). Wild Animal Status and their Threats in Echefa Forest and Wetland (Proposed In-situ Conservation Site), Southern Nations Nationalities and People’s Regional States, Ethiopia. Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species 6(3): 1-5.
  10. Weldemariam Tesfahunegny, Demeke Datiko, Mengistu Wale, Gebre Egziabeher Hailay and Tadesse Hunduma (2020). Impact of wind energy development on birds and bats: the case of Adama wind farm, Central Ethiopia. The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 81:41
  11. Goutte, S., Reyes-velasco, J., Freilich, X., Kassie, A., & Boissinot, S. (2021). Taxonomic revision of grass frogs ( Ptychadenidae , Ptychadena ) endemic to the Ethiopian highlands.
  12. Kassie, A., & Bekele, A. (2020). Diversity , Distribution , and Habitat of Herpetofauna Around Gambella Zuria District , West Ethiopia. International Journal of Zoology and Applied Biosciences; 5(2), 68–78.
  13. Kassie, A. (2020). Attitude , beliefs and perception of people towards amphibian conservation around chefa wetland , Oromo zone , Amhara regional state, North east Ethiopia. International Journal of Zoology Studies ;5(2), 1–4.
  14. Foquet, ,  Kassie,  A.,  De  Beenhouwer  M.  (2019).  Express  Biodiversity  Survey  in  Gura-Ferda  Forest,  Ethiopia. BINCO Express Report 8. Biodiversity Inventory for Conservation. Glabbeek, Belgium, 24 pp.
  15. Abeje Kassie (2016). Distribution and species richness of amphibians in Awi zone and Wombera
  16. District, Northwest Ethiopia. Journal of zoology studies; 3(4): 01-06
  17. Melak A, Hailu A, Assefa A, Aseged T, Sinkie S, Tsion S. (2021). Characterization of the production system and breeding practices of sheep producers in Tahtay Maychew District, Northern Ethiopia. Intl J Trop Drylands 1: 5-12.
  18. Hailu, A., Mustefa, A., Aseged, T., Assefa, A., Sinkie, S., Tsewene, S (2020). Phenotypic characterization of sheep populations’ in Tahtay Maichew district, Northern Ethiopia.GeneticResources1 (2), 12–22.doi:10.46265/genresj. SHBD3744.
  19. Abebe Hailu, Abraham Assefa, Tesfalem Aseged, Tesfaye Getachew, Tekleweld Belayhun, Sebile Sinke and Ashenafei Getachew (2018a). Morphometric Characteristic of Domesticated Local Ducks in Gembela and Benishangul Gumuz Region of South West and North-West Ethiopia. J. Innov. Res. Adv. Stud. 5(4) 2394-4404.
  20. Abebe Hailu, Manaye Misganaw, Abraham Assefa, Tesfaye Getachew, Tesfalem Aseged, Fassil Getachew and Solomon Abegaz (2018). Multivariate analysis of phenotypic and farming system characterization of indigenous chicken populations on-farm in Guji Zone, Ethiopia. Int. J. Curr. Res. 10, 69947–69956.
  21. Berhan Asmamaw, Birhanu Beyene, Tesfalem Aseged, Misikire Tessema and Abraham Assefa (2017). Beneficiaries’ willingness to pay for the conservation of Meteka wetland in Afar National Regional State, Ethiopia. WSN77, 326–336.
  22. Abebe Hailu, Abraham Assefa, Tesfalem Aseged, Tesfaye Getache, Tekleweld Belayhun, Sebile Sinke and Ashenafei Getachew (2018b). Characterization of Village Duck Production Systems in Gambela and Benishangul Gumuz National Regional States of South West and North-West Ethiopia. J. Innov. Res. Adv. Stud. 5(8) 2394-4404.
  23. Mustefa A, Belayhun T, Melak A, Hayelom M, Hailu A and Assefa A (2020a). Body morphometric measurements in Harmo cattle (Raya-Azebo cattle) in Southern Tigray of Ethiopia.Online J. Anim. Feed Res.,10(6): 259-267.DOI:
  24. Mustefa A, Belayhun T, Melak A, Hayelom M, Hailu A and Assefa A ()2020b). Phenotypic characterization of Raya cattle in northern Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production 53(1) DOI: 1007/s11250-020-02486-1
  25. Melak A, Belayhun T, Kefyalew E, Hailu A, Mustefa A, Assefa A. 2020. Farmers’ willingness to pay for Sinar donkey conservation in selected districts of Metekel and Assosa zones, northwest Ethiopia: a contingent valuation study. Biodiversitas 21: 3373-3379.
  26. Mustefa A, Assefa A, Misganaw M, Getachew F, Abegaz S, Hailu A and Emshaw Y (2020). Phenotypic characterization of donkeys in Benishangul Gumuz National Regional State. Online J. Anim. Feed Res.,10(1):
  27. Fasil Getachew, Abraham Assefa et al 2020. On-Farm Phenotypic Characterization of Begaria Cattle Population and Their Production System in Guba District, North Western Ethiopia. EJAB.
  28. Berhan Asmamaw, Demeke Datiko, Misikire Tessema, Abraham Assefa and Arvind Chavhan (2020) Trends of Climate Change and Perception of Local Fishermen around Lake Chamo, Ethiopia. Int. J. of Life Sciences, 2020; 8 (4):743- 750.
  29. Tessema M, Shitaw T, Beyene B, Asmamaw A., Assefa A. Assessment of the status of lake afdera in the danakil depression; afar, Ethiopia. Forest Res Eng Int J. 2020; 4(1):10?15. DOI: 10.15406/freij.2020.04.00094
  30. Berhan Asmamaw, Birhanu Beyene, Misikire Tessema, Abraham Assefa. Length-weight relationships and condition factor of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Cichlidae) in Koka Reservoir, Ethiopia. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research. Volume 4; Issue 1; January 2019; Page No. 47-51
  31. Berhan Asmamaw, Birhanu Beyene, Misikire Tessema, Abraham Assefa. The Impact of Climate Change and Anthropogenic Activities on Fisheries of Lake Logo, South Wello, Ethiopia. International Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 45-55.
  32. Berhan Asmamaw, Birhanu Beyene, Demeke Datiko, Misikire Tessema, Abraham Assefa. Willingness to Pay for the Conservation of Lake Chamo Ecosystem, Ethiopia. American Journal of Business, Economics and Management. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 75-81
  33. Giorgio Chiozzi, Melanie L. J. Stiassny, S. Elizabeth Alter, Giuseppe De Marchi, Yohannes Mebrahtu, Misikire Tessema, Berhan Asmamaw, Mauro Fasola &Adriana Bellati (2017): Fishes in the desert: mitochondrial variation and phylogeography of Danakilia (Actinopterygii: Cichlidae) and Aphanius (Actinopterygii: Cyprinodontidae) in the Danakil Depression of northeastern Africa, Mitochondrial DNA Part A, DOI:10.1080/24701394.2017.1404043
  34. Berhan Asmamaw, Birhanu Beyene, Tesfalem Aseged, Misikire Tessema, Abraham Assefa. Beneficiaries’ willingness to pay for the conservation of Meteka wetland in Afar National Regional State, Ethiopia WSN 77(2) (2017) 326-336
  35. Berhan Asmamaw, Birhanu Beyene, Misikire Tessema. Assessment of Natural Resources in Ketech Watershed, East Gojjam Zone of Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-8.doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20170201.11
  36. Berhan Asmamaw, Birhanu Beyene, Misikire Tessema, Afework Kara, Biniam Goshu, Abraham Assefa. Estimating Willingness to Pay for Labeobarbus Fish Species Conservation in Lake Tana, Ethiopia: A Contingent Valuation Study. International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol.1, No. 4, 2016, pp. 155-161. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20160104.12

Articles in progress:

  1. Tesfalem Aseged, Abebe Hailu, Abraham Assefa, Tesfaye Getachew, Manaye Misganaw, Seble Sinke, Fasil Getachew, Solomon Abegaz. (2021). Goat Breeding Practice and Production Constraints in Boset And Minjar Shenkora Districts of Ethiopia accepted by Genetics and Biodiversity Journal, Vol. 5
  2. Production system and breeding practice of indigenous chicken Dawro zone.
  3. Phenotypic characterization of Gesha horse.
  4. Phenotypic characterization of Ruthana Sheep.
  5. Morphological characterization of Boset and Minjare Shenkora goat.
  6. Morphological characterization of Dawuro chicken.
  7. Breeding objective identification and breeding program designation of Begaria Cattle breed
  8. Post-Harvest Loss of Fish and Its Impacts on Biodiversity at Alwero reservoir in Abobo, Gambella, Ethiopia
  9. The Contribution of Fisheries to Livelihoods of Communities around Alwero Reservoir in Abobo, Gambela, Ethiopia
  10. Evaluating Household’s Willingness to Pay for Catfish Species Conservation in Lake Hawassa, Sidama National Region State, Ethiopia
  11. Morphometric Variations of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) (Linnaeus, 1758) (Cichlidae) Collected from three Rift Valley Lakes in Ethiopia
  12. Impacts of anthropogenic activities on the distribution and diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates along the Beressa and Holeta Rivers, Ethiopia (2013).
  13. The effect of season on the concentration of nutrients in the three highland lakes of Ethiopia
  14. Effect of water hyacinth on water quality, fish production, composition and diversity of macro invertebrates in Ethiopian rift valley basin (lake Ziway and Koka reservoir)
  15. Length-weight relationships and condition factor of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Cichlidae) in Lake Ziway, Ethiopia


National reports and strategy developed

The directorate has developed two national reports and one strategy in collabration withother stakeholders

  • The first report on the state of the World`s Animal Genetic Resource for Food and Agriculture:Ethiopia Country R
  • The second report on the state of the Worlds Animal Genetic Resource for Food and Agriculture. You can download the documents here.
  • Ethiopian National Strategy and Plan of Action for Conservation,Use and Development of Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. You can download the documents here.


Some picture based directorate`s activities

  1. Exsitu conservation activities of Sheko, Fogera, Irob and Begait cattle breeds
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  1. Wild life specimen collection and preservation activities (mammals, bird, amphibians and insects) in animal biodiversity directorate ‘’ Zoological Museum ’’
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